How can schools eliminate the teacher shortage?

In a recent article, proposed expert Richard Ingersoll attempts to explain the source of the present teacher shortage. The University of Pennsylvania provides well known information without a viable solution. Schools can eliminate their teacher shortage by utilizing school leaders who empower teachers.

According to the article, South Dakota school leaders blame low teacher salaries for the present teacher shortage. South Dakota teacher salaries rank the lowest in the nation. Ingersoll’s survey revealed that outgoing teachers cited job dissatisfaction as the primary reason why teachers continue to leave the teaching profession. In addition, teachers are leaving due to heavy work loads, excessive class size, and lack of time to accomplish the job.

One of the major contributors to the teacher shortage is the school’s culture. School administrators have the authority to direct the school culture. The fallacy is that many administrative leadership styles are counter productive to the school environment and therefore continues to contribute to the teacher shortage.

One leadership style that contributes to a school environment that continues to fuel the teacher shortage is transactional leadership.

What are the characteristics of a transactional leader who could contribute to the decline in the teacher shortage?

Transactional leaders require compliance from employees in exchange for expected rewards. Many school leaders expect for teachers to engage students in a learning process that fosters high student achievement. High student achievement requirements from parents, and community members develop the need for student achievement as the bottom-line productivity. Bottom-line productivity is consistent with transactional leadership characteristics. Transactional leadership receives support from bureaucratic authority. If a bureaucracy is to operate successfully, it must maintain an unusual level of conformity.

When teachers are unable to produce high student achievement, a transactional leader can use his or her bureaucratic authority by withholding monetary rewards. Bureaucratic authority empowers transactional leadership. One way bureaucracies grant authority is through the supervisory evaluation process to promote employee compliance.

Transactional leaders actively search for deviations from rules and intervene when standards are not met. Not meeting standards requires holding teachers accountable. This process includes monitoring teacher behavior for compliance. Transactional leadership is not as effective as other leadership theories.

What are the characteristics of a school leader who could improve the present teacher shortage status?

Effective school leaders exhibit a combination of leadership characteristics. Although transactional and transformational leadership can represent two discrete forms of leadership, effective principals exhibit characteristics of both types of leadership by maintaining short-term endeavors through transactional leadership and by inciting change as a transformational leader. Transformational leadership is positively associated with leadership satisfaction among office employees, schoolteachers, military personnel, hospital nurses, and sales people.

However, transformational leadership focuses on the organization while servant leadership focuses on the followers. By empowering followers and helping them grow and develop according to their needs rather than those in the organization, people use power ethically, and teams work collaboratively, in an atmosphere of mutual respect and trust. Servant leadership focuses on followers by committing to their growth. Commitment to growth requires that school leaders must devise strategies that augment organizational achievement by empowering teachers.

Empowering teachers has several benefits that will help to eliminate the present teacher shortage. Empowering teachers enhances job satisfaction. It’s frustrating to a teacher to know what’s right, but feel powerless to do anything.  Giving teachers some decision-making ability will decrease frustration and improve teacher retention. Empowering teachers increases quality of work for several reasons. First, in organizations that provide employees with the freedom and flexibility to make a difference, employees feel empowered to deliver high quality work. Secondly, schools that provide teachers with the freedom and flexibility to be empowered can expect teachers to deliver higher levels of quality work.

Schools leaders who utilize the appropriate leadership styles which will improve the present condition of the teacher shortage by empowering teachers.

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Dr. Derrick L. Campbell, Ed.D.

PO Box 1668 Blackwood, NJ 08012


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Author of Promoting Positive Racial Teacher Student Classroom Relationships and Promoting Positive Racial Teacher Student Classroom Relationships: Methodology

doctor_derrick1                    Racism Book

“The model that you use to analyze teacher-student relationships is a good one for most school districts”.

~ Joe Vas ~ Perth Amboy Mayor

“Dr. Campbell’s Cultural Relationship Training Program is comprehensive, informative, and should be required training for all schools”

~ Darrell Pope ~ Hutchinson Kansas NAACP President

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About Classroom Racism Exterminator

Racism is a menace and so we’ve been taught for ages which is the primary need for a diversity expert. However, even in this modern society of today where we see a lot of colored celebrities performing on stage with huge fan followings and of course an Afro-America President for the USA, we are still in a phase where racism exists in all its brutal glory and has been eating away at the society like a plague. Classrooms, are one of the most affected areas where color differences and racism exists to its extremes. Even after decades of progress and a lot of communal efforts at bridging the gaps between colored students, white students and teachers, it is sad to say that the disparities still exist and are just as pronounced today as they were back in the 1950s. Colored students, even in the likes of New York City, are attending under resourced schools or have been significantly isolated and made to be unequal in regular schools. Even if the teachers are well-intentioned, perpetuating the structural racism that has taken deep roots into the fabric of our education system is a tough task and make the need for a diversity expert imperative. Teachers need to recognize the biases that exist within the classroom and also take conscious measures to address them and their own biases of course. James Baldwin once said, “it is your very own responsibility to change this society, if you think of yourself as an educated person.” Dr. Derrick L. Campbell took this quote very effectively and straight to the heart and thus this Classroom Racism Exterminator happened. Classroom Racism Exterminator is an initiative that will teach you about your duty and moral obligation towards eliminating racism from the classrooms. This is where and how you will learn about what you need to do to produce a better society that is free of biases and disparities amongst the blacks and the whites. Because we understand how classroom biases and conversations about racism are difficult and how teachers and students almost avoid the topics altogether, we have put together a range of effective methods and products to help address the problem at hand and talk meaningfully to counter issues related to race and racism in the classroom. Diversity expert Dr. Campbell understands that it takes a lot of courage to talk about race and racism and that racial issues need to be viewed through a very critical lens that can understand and attend to the pertaining aspects of racism in the classroom. And therefore through this website we have made a conscious effort to eliminate racism from the classroom and make the educational system equal and beneficial for all. We know and we understand that there are no words that can actually describe how racism feels. There are cases and everybody tends to deal with it in their own manner. Some might lash out verbally or others might just withdraw into shells. Whatever the case, people don’t talk about it openly and teachers don’t really make a conscious effort at addressing the issue. We don’t really know if our children or if the youth is learning to be educated or become racists in their classroom. Our program is focused on helping children of color and regardless of their race, their full potential. We want every student to be able to recognize and reach their full potential so that they think of themselves as responsible citizens of their country and not regard themselves as worthless human beings. Here you will find motivational books and flash card games, all of which have been designed focusing on eliminating racism completely from our classrooms. The books and the games have been consciously designed keeping in mind the American society and educational system. It is a small effort on our and Dr. Campbell’s part to help this society become a better place to live in. A little about diversity expert Dr. Campbell Dr. Derrick L. Campbell the driving force behind Classroom Racism Exterminator is a dynamic figure and a constant source of motivation for us. He has a Bachelors of Science in Electronics Engineering Technology, Math Education, a Masters in Education Administration and also holds a doctoral degree in Educational Leadership. Dr. Campbell is a well known personality throughout the nation. He has lectured at various events including the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Iron Sharpens Iron Men’s Conference and a lot of local churches. He is a personality well dedicated towards eliminating the plague of racism from our classrooms and helping every child recognize his/her true potential not the color of their skin. He realizes how a child would feel if he/she was made to think they are worthless human beings. Diversity expert Dr. Campbell is compassionate and related to the experiences and therefore this initiative is a constant and continual effort to eliminate racism manifested in us, completely from the classroom and from our society.
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