According to a recent article the recent LGBT Orlando massacre has attained the title as the deadliest massacre in the Unites States. There are many other travesties in the United States that have resulted in the deaths of the innocent. Comparatively, the LBGT Orlando massacre pales in quantity when compared to other similar incidents.
According to the article, Massacre At Orlando Gay Nightclub Deadliest Mass Shooting In U.S. History, Omar Mateen emerged in an LBGT Orlando gay night club carrying an AR-15 semi-automatic rifle. He used the AR-15 to massacre 49 individuals. Since the official inception of the United States there have been several massacres that would make the LGBT Orlando massacre look like child’s play.
What are the massacres that were more deadly than the LGBT Orlando incident?
The Wounded Knee massacre is an incident that was more deadly that the LGBT Orlando incident. This incident occurred on December 29, 1890 near the Wounded Knee Creek. On the morning of December 29, the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment went into the Indian camp to disarm the Lakota.
A deaf tribesman named Black Coyote was reluctant to give up his rifle, claiming he had paid a lot for it. A fracas over the rifle escalated, and a shot was fired which resulted in the 7th Cavalry opening fire indiscriminately from all sides, killing men, women, and children, as well as some of their fellow soldiers. The Lakota warriors who still had weapons began shooting back at the attacking soldiers. The surviving Lakota fled, but cavalrymen pursued and killed many who were unarmed. More than 150 men, women, and children of the Lakota had been killed and 51 were wounded (4 men and 47 women and children, some of whom died later).
Twenty-five soldiers also died, and 39 were wounded. At least twenty soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor. In 2001, the National Congress of American Indians passed two resolutions condemning the awards and called on the U.S. government to rescind them.
East St. Louis massacres is an incident that was more deadly than the recent LBGT Orlando incident. In May, 1919 there was a labor dispute that resulted in the death of 40 to 200 persons as well as extensive property damage. The massacres took place in East St. Louis, Illinois, an industrial city on the east bank of the Mississippi River across from St. Louis, Missouri.
After the massacre there were different estimates of the death toll. The police chief estimated that 100 blacks had been killed. A renowned journalist, Ida B. Wells, reported in The Chicago Defender that 40-150 black people were killed during massacre. The N.A.A.C.P. estimated deaths at 100-200.
The Chicago race riot of 1919 is another massacre that was more deadly that the LGBT Orlando incident. This racial conflict began in Chicago, Illinois on July 27, 1919 and ended on August 3. During the riot, thirty-eight people died (23 African American and 15 white) and over five hundred were injured.
Another incident that was more deadly than the LGBT Orlando incident is the Tulsa race riot. On May 31 and June 1, 1921 a group of whites attacked the black community of Tulsa, Oklahoma. The Greenwood District, the wealthiest black community in the United States, was burned to the ground. Over the course of 16 hours, more than 800 people were admitted to local white hospitals with injuries, the two black hospitals were burned down, and police arrested and detained more than 6,000 black Greenwood residents at three local facilities. An estimated 10,000 blacks were left homeless, and 35 city blocks composed of 1,256 residences were destroyed by fire, resulting in over $26 million in damages. The official count of the dead by the Oklahoma Department of Vital Statistics was 39, but other estimates of black fatalities vary from 55 to about 300.
Other incidents that were more deadly than the LGBT Orlando incident included the Arkansas massacre of 1919 which resulted in 854 deaths as well as the Rosewood massacre of 1923 which resulted in 150 deaths.
The LGBT Orlando incident pales in comparison to the historical bloodbath that was utilized to transform the United States to its present state.
Dr. Derrick L. Campbell, Ed.D.
PO Box 4707 Cherry Hill, NJ 08034
Author of Promoting Positive Racial Teacher Student Classroom Relationships and Promoting Positive Racial Teacher Student Classroom Relationships: Methodology
The Raccelerate Phenomenon
Treasures of Hidden Racism in Education
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